A reflection of Swiss culture and quality
Every spring, dairy farmers walk their cows up the Swiss mountainside, encouraging cattle to graze on the grasses and natural pastures. As an outcome, cows trim and fertilize the fields, keeping the Swiss countryside as vibrant and green as a postcard. If you see a mark on the cheese “fromage d’alpage/Alpkäse”, it indicates that the cheese was produced directly on the mountain pastures in the summer months only in the traditional manner. This gives the cheese a character and flavour that’s particular to its region due to the herbs and flowers that the cows have been munching on.
The food culture of Switzerland is a reflection of its melting pot culture (as is evident by its four main languages and several cantons). You’ll find soft and buttery cheeses as well as hard melting versions, perfect for the national dish, fondue, which is literally is a mix of melted cheese around which family or friends gather.
It’s Tasty and Healthy
All of the dairy in Switzerland comes from grass-fed animals. The natural herbs and flowers the cows grow on, give the best Swiss cheese its rich flavour and particular character. More importantly it’s also much higher in two essential fatty acids that protect against heart disease: (CLA) conjugated linoleic acid and alpha-linolenic acid (ALA). Milk from grass-fed cows has five times more CLA than conventional milk. According to a 2010 study from Harvard School of Public Health, people with higher levels of CLA have a 36 percent lower risk of heart attack than those with the lowest levels. CLA consumption is also linked to protection from oxidative stress and diabetes.
In addition, organic dairy from grass-fed cows also has double the heart-healthy omega-3 fat content as conventional milk, due to the presence of ALA, an essential fatty acid that occurs naturally when cows eat grass. ALA consumption shows to lower blood pressure, as well as to decrease risk of heart disease and strokes.
Are you lactose intolerant? Some hard Swiss cheeses including Le Gruyère and Emmentaler don’t contain any lactose, since it’s broken down in the production process. Others, including Appenzeller and Raclette de Valais, contain low levels and are well tolerated by some lactose-intolerant people.
It’s Original and Diverse
- Appenzeller: a hard cheese produced in the Alps of northern Switzerland. Each producer chooses whether to keet in either a wine or cider mixture. The result is a robust cheese that’s rich in aroma and flavor.
- Emmental a semi-hard cheese famous with holes. It has a piquant flavor that isn’t quite sharp. It is bacteria that makes the holes in Emmentaler, which transform the lactose into carbon dioxide and create air pockets. However a 2015 study by Swiss agriculture body Agroscope countered this, saying the holes were caused by tiny bits of hay present in the milk, who knew?
- Le Gruyère: a sister to Emmental, but it typically has no holes. It comes from the village of Gruyères a charming medieval town that is definitely worth a visit when in Switzerland. Gruyère can range in texture from creamy to firm. It has a nutty flavor that is more pronounced when aged. It’s great in a grilled cheese sandwich or the dish croquet monsieur and also commonly tops French onion soup.
- Raclette perhaps the one Swiss cheese that characterizes Switzerland the most. It is also the name of the dish – Raclette. You would typically shave this semi-hard cheese with a hot knife and spread on toasted bread or beside small potatoes and pickles.
- Sbrinz is one of the oldest European cheeses. It has an extra-hard texture that is almost like Parmesan cheese. It’s great for grating over pasta dishes and also makes a nice appetizer when served along with antipasti.
- Tête de Moine comes from the Jura mountains. The name literally means the “monk’s head” as it was originally produced by monks. The Swiss serve this cheese in an unusual way — they scrape it with a tool called “girolle”. This knife-like contraption revolves around the wheel of cheese and scrapes ribbons of the pungent and fruity cheese.
- Vacherin comes in two types: Mont d’Or and Fribourgeois. The first one is a soft creamy brie-like cheese that is made in the Jura region. Cheese makers produce it seasonally and sell it in round wooden boxes. Fribourgeois is a firmer cheese that tastes a lot like Italian fontina. It’s greatly used in fondues.
So next time you are in Switzerland don’t miss tasting several best Swiss cheese types, and take some home also!